Health Care

Calcium and Vitamin D supplements do not protect against fractures

Calcium and Vitamin D supplements do not protect against fractures

Furthermore, the researchers identified no significant associations between calcium, vitamin D, or combined calcium and vitamin D supplements and the incidence of nonvertebral, vertebral, or total fractures.

That's according to a new study from Harvard University.

People who have achieved their peak bone mass can also follow few exercises and a healthy diet routine to lower the risk of brittle bones and fracture, according to the experts.

Calcium and vitamin D are as yet basic to bone wellbeing, yet these outcomes indicate you should get them through your diet and way of life as opposed to from supplements, Zhao explained. This in turn helps bolster bone health.

"The recommended daily intake of vitamin D for most adults is 600 IU (international units), or 800 IU after age 70".

For their examination, Zhao and his partners combed through medical writing to find clinical trials that already tested the helpfulness of calcium and Vitamin D supplements.

The study by researchers in China involved data from more than 50,000 adults who were over 50 years of age.

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Other trials were carried out in the US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Finland, Sweden, The Netherlands, Belgium and China. The dosage of the supplements varied between the clinical trials, as did the frequency at which they were taken. "Generalized recommendations relying on this study should be mindful that further reductions in calcium and vitamin D consumption may exacerbate these public health concerns", she said. "Milk, vegetable, fruit and bean products are the most important food sources of calcium". Exercising out in the sunshine should provide a person with all the vitamin D they need. The meta-analysis doesn't answer all our concerns, but for the majority of people walking around, without osteoporosis, there is no need for additional Vitamin D or Calcium.

Dr Kurt Kennel, a United States specialist in endocrinology, metabolism and nutrition said that the findings showed that menopausal women and older men should not "equate" supplementation with "adequate treatment".

"Tragically, the WHI data has been widely acknowledged as having impediments of its own doing with subjects not taking the supplements as directed by the convention, and in addition the individuals who took calcium and vitamin D supplements without anyone else, outside the convention, earlier and during the study", Wong said.

Inclusion of the WHI might have skewed the overall results of the review, Wong argued.

A study has recently found that taking calcium, vitamin D supplements or both may not protect against hip fracture and other bone breaks in the elderly. "And people who live in nursing homes or assisted living facilities were not part of it, which means there is a lot missing".

The lack of associations between calcium, vitamin D and fracture risk was seen in both men and women, regardless of supplement dose or any previous history of fractures, researchers reported in JAMA.

Practice guidelines recommend calcium and vitamin D supplements for older people to prevent fractures in those with osteoporosis; previous studies have come to mixed conclusions about an association between supplements and fracture risk.


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