How Does Asthma Affect Bronchi Or Bronchioles?

Bronchi and bronchioles are one of the main components of your respiratory system that help you to breathe. The main task of these organs is to deliver fresh air into your body and remove the waste gases.

If you have asthma problems these organs get highly affected and cause breathing problems. Below in this article, I’ll show you how does asthma affect bronchi or bronchioles and what are the precautions you can follow to maintain your asthma attack.

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What Is Asthma?

Asthma is a long-term chronic disease that mainly affects your lungs. Children are mostly suffering from this disease and adults also suffer from it. Asthma narrows down the airways of your lungs by inflammation and tightening the muscle of the surroundings of your airways lungs.

What Is Asthma

The primary symptoms of asthma are cough, shortness of breath, wheeze, chest tightness, etc. A study by the World Health Organization in 2019 found that there are more than 262 million people suffering from this disease and 4,61,000 had died because of it. Once you have asthma, you’ll have it forever. Sadly, there is no cure for this disease but with proper treatment and medication, you can completely control it.

Among most people, asthma gets worse during exercise and at night. Anything that accelerates the asthma problem is called an asthma trigger and the triggers vary from person to person. Some of the common asthma triggers are dust, fumes, smoke, weather changes, tree pollen, and grass, animal feathers, and fur, perfume, strong soap, etc.

Symptoms Of Asthma Attack

Asthma narrows down your airways muscle when it gets triggered. When a person falls into an asthma attack, his/her airways get so narrow that it becomes extremely difficult for a person to take a breath. The common symptoms of asthma are shortness of breath, chest tightening, coughing,  rattling sound and wheezing in the chest. When a person is exposed to his/her asthma allergens, asthma gets triggered and he/she could fall into an asthma attack. Look at the below section to know some of the common symptoms of severe asthma attacks.

Symptoms Of Asthma Attack

  • Loss of the ability to talk except short phrases
  • Feeling acute breathlessness
  • Drowsiness
  • Lips, face, or nails turn into blue
  • Difficulty in walking
  • Extreme anxiety/panic due to breathing difficulty
  • Pain in chest
  • Sweaty face, rapid pale and pulse.

As I said before, the signs and symptoms of asthma attacks vary from person to person. You should consult with your doctor to identify your symptoms and signs and make an asthma action plan to control your asthma when it gets triggered.

NB: Go for emergency treatment of asthma if the symptoms don’t improve after taking medication as your doctor suggested. Consult with your doctor to learn about the severe asthma attack and how to deal with that.

Causes Of Asthma

It’s not possible to identify the exact cause of the asthma problem. There are a lot of factors that have been interlinked with this disease and you can’t distinguish a particular one. Below I’m going to show you some common causes:

  • Asthma is a genetic disease. It means if any of your family members ( parents/siblings) has this disease then there is a high possibility that you have an asthma problem.
  • It’s also common among those people who have other allergic problems, such as rhinitis, eczema, etc.
  • Your living lifestyle could be the reason for your asthma problem, such as urbanization (because of multiple lifestyles).
  • Different events in your early life could be responsible for developing asthma problems. It could be low birth weight, respiratory infections, air pollution, tobacco smoke, etc.
  • Getting close to environmental allergens & irritants could also build up your asthma problem. It includes indoor and outdoor pollution, molds, dust mites, chemicals, fumes, etc.
  • Adults or children who are overweight are at higher risk of asthma.
  • Staying in extremely cold and dry air can be the reason for your asthma problem.
  • Strong emotion crying, laughing, shouting, etc. and heavy work stress could also trigger your asthma.
  • Smoking or other forms of tobacco consumption will develop asthma problems even if you don’t have this disease before.

Does Asthma Affect Bronchi Or Bronchioles?

Before giving the answer to this question: Does Asthma Affect Bronchi Or Bronchioles? I would like to tell you about their functionality so that you can easily understand what happens to your bronchi and bronchioles during an asthma attack.

Does Asthma Affect Bronchi Or Bronchioles

Basically, the bronchi and bronchioles are two important parts of your respiratory system. They are mainly related to the conduction zone of your lung. When you breathe bronchi and bronchioles allow the external environment air to easily pass into your lung where gaseous exchange occurs. Bronchi and bronchioles deliver the inhaled air to the tiny sacs that are known as alveoli where carbon dioxide and oxygen are exchanged.

Let’s find out what happened to your bronchi and bronchioles if you have asthma. Bronchi and bronchioles are smaller airways of your respiratory system and it doesn’t have cartilage like larger airways to prevent collapse. These tiny airways are basically muscular tubes and their lining contains so many mucus hiding cells.

When any of your asthma triggers, you’ll fall into an asthma attack. Then the surrounding of  your lung muscle wall contracts and the lining of your airways get swollen & inflamed. Because of these changes your airways get narrow  and aggravated. It increases the mucus membrane and ultimately blocks your smaller airways. Consequently the airflow in your lung gets obstructed and you’ll feel breathlessness.

Tips for Asthma Prevention

You already know that there is no cure for the asthma problem and there is no prevention as well. The only thing you can do is to control asthma from aggravating and serious conditions. To prevent your asthma problem you should consult your healthcare provider and make your asthma action plan. Below I’ll give you some preventive tips that will help you to manage your asthma problem.

Tips for Asthma Prevention

1. Identify Your Asthma Triggers

Not everyone has the same asthma trigger nor every treatment is effective for people who have an asthma problem. That’s why it’s crucial to identify your own asthma trigger to manage it properly. When you know what things trigger your asthma problem, you can avoid it or take the right medication for that. Some of the common asthma triggers are:

  • Allergies
  • Air pollution
  • A cold/Flu virus
  • Extremely cold or hot
  • Sinusitis
  • Smoke
  • Fragrance, etc.

2. Strictly Follow Your Asthma Action Plan

You must have to prepare your asthma action plan along with your doctor or healthcare provider to avoid any potential asthma attack. Remember asthma is an ongoing disease, you must have to regularly monitor and take treatment to keep it under your control. Never skip your asthma action plan even when you don’t feel any symptoms at all.

3. Get The Vaccine For Pneumonia And Influenza

Flu virus triggers your asthma problem to the worst level. Therefore you should get your flu shot on a regular basis to keep yourself protected from viruses and asthma attacks as well.  If you have asthma and are affected by Pneumonia and Influenza then you have to hospitalize yourself. So, it’s wise to get the vaccination for Pneumonia and Influenza to avoid any acute asthma attack.

4. Track Your Breathing

Tracking your breathing is important when you have asthma problems. You should keep a peak flow meter at your home to determine your peak airflow. Excessive coughing, shortness of breath, wheezing are the warnings of asthma attack and you have to take immediate action when you face any of them.

A regular breathing exercise can help you to control these asthma problems. For effective breathing exercise you can use this patented OPEP device. It’s a drugless natural solution to increase your lung capacity to improve your breathing style.

5. Identify The Attack Sign And Treat It Early

When you become capable of identifying your asthma sign, you can take the right action as per your asthma action plan. For example, when you see that your peak flow meter is decreasing, you have to understand that you’re going to fall on an asthma attack. When you detect your asthma sign before it turns into an asthma attack, you can completely control it by taking your asthma medication.

6. Take The Medication As Prescribed

Take your asthma medication as your healthcare provider or doctor prescribed. If your doctor suggests you continue a long-term asthma medication plan then you should take the medication on a regular basis and don’t stop it when you don’t feel any symptoms. Because the medication and asthma action plan are designed to prevent symptoms and protect you from sudden asthma attacks. If you strict your medication it’ll ease the inflammation in your airways and keep your asthma under control. Consequently, your asthma attack won’t flare up all of a sudden.

7. Avoid Smoke And Smoking Areas

Smoke is very harmful for asthma patients. If you have an asthma problem and you are exposed to any smoke then it’ll block your airways by getting triggered by your asthma symptoms. Always keep your eyes alert and avoid all sources of smoke such as tobacco, candles and fires, incense, etc. Look at the following tips to  avoid smoking area:

  • Never allow anyone to smoke at your house or car.
  • Skip those public areas where you might be exposed to smoke.
  • During your traveling time, always choose a non-smoking room.

8. Do Regular Exercise

For overall health, physical activity is crucial, even for the people who have asthma problems. One of your asthma action plans is to maintain a healthy lifestyle and that includes physical activity. For example, Swimming is a great physical exercise for asthma patients as it helps to breath warm and moist air with a proper physical exercise.

However, it’s always better to consult with your doctor to make your workout routine and it’s the safest option. Along with your physical activity you should do some breathing exercise as well to increase your lung capacity and solve your asthma breathing problem.

You can use the AirPhysio device for an effective breathing exercise. The device is capable of increasing your lung capacity naturally without using any chemical and drug.


Asthma is one of the most common inflammatory response diseases. When a person has asthma problems they suffer breathlessness due to airway wall inflammation and constriction.

Asthma narrows down the airways of your lungs and makes you suffer from shortness of breath. If you read the article completely then you already know how Does Asthma Affect Bronchi Or Bronchioles, the two important organs of your lung.

One more thing I would love to remind you again that there is no cure for asthma. All that you can do is to keep it under your control and for this you have to maintain a healthy lung. There are a lot of breathing exercises through which you can maintain a healthy lung by improving your lung capacity.

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About the author - James Garcia

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